The values to be protected and the city to be managed
Genesis and current role of “living evolutionary” CPs – such as that of the Amalfi Coast – show that their management cannot be separated not only from the analysis of the socio-economic-cultural processes that generated them but, above all, from the analysis of current characteristics of these processes, as well as their trends. . And the main strategic objective that UNESCO asks of the Management Plans is to protect – if possible reinforce – the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the site, i.e. the characteristics that justified its inclusion in the World Heritage List (WHL ). On the other hand, there are many factors that affect the persistence or otherwise of the characteristics that justified the registration: the profound change in the demand for use of the territory, the increased needs for mobility, the scale of the buildings needed today to ensure efficient infrastructures. ; the knowledge and traditions linked to production cycles that have now disappeared or are obsolete; the breakdown of the cost of non-use of land resources; the fair allocation of the positive and negative externalities generated by the protection, the diseconomies generated by the seasonality of the load on networks and services.
Defining and implementing a specific governance model for the Amalfi Coast and adapting the governance tools of territorial transformations and the organization of events to the indications of UNESCO, the European Landscape Convention and the Faro Convention is a priority strategic objective to ensure effectiveness protection of the OUV.
On the other hand, many researches conducted in recent years have shown that local communities do not always have a perception of the cultural values of the territories they use on a daily basis. Improving the knowledge of the values of which the inhabitants of the Coast are custodians is therefore a priority.
To make the protection of the OUV global and to give substance to the vision underlying the Plan, it is necessary that the Plan includes effective actions capable of ensuring, as a matter of priority:
- • the protection of the consolidated landscape
- • the restoration of the possibly degraded landscape
- • the production of a new quality landscape, a document of the current generation, consistent with that passed on to us by past generations.
To achieve these primary objectives, the PdG must address all the critical issues that can negatively affect the protection, restoration and production of the landscape which, for the Amalfi Coast, can be summarized as follows:
- 1. Governance model to be adopted, with the correlated governance tools of the community-territory system
- 2. Increase of the knowledge of the site by the local community
- 3. Recovery of traditional knowledge
- 4. Support for agriculture
- 5. Equalization of externalities, positive and negative
- 6. Orientation of the tourist offer towards the cultural components that characterize the site
- 7. Improvement of the quality of life of residents and visitors
Read more on: I valori da tutelare e le criticità da gestire